1.1 Background to the Study
It is customary to have norms, rules, peaceful co-existence and orderliness in any society (Dudu, 2011). In any organized society, discipline must be strictly maintained. According to Dudu (2011), breaking rules and regulations in our society is usually looked upon as an anti-social behaviour. George (2009) opines that deviant behaviour constitutes a violation of principles and values that are assumed to be universal. Berth and Theron (1999) describe behaviour deviation as a situation whereby a person moves away from ethical or normal codes of conduct thus creating discomfort to the people in the school.
The concept of deviant behaviour can manifest itself in different forms that can cause physical and/or psychological harm to others to the extent that to its victim, schooling ceases to be safe and interesting.” (Moswela, 2005). According to Greydanus, Berth and Theron (2005) deviant behaviours can be in different forms which include suicide, abortion, class boycotting, homosexuality, prostitution, and gang affiliation, abuse, drug abuse, runaways, suicidal ideation or attempt, self harm and cyberbullying. In schools and generally in the society, these forms of defiance carry a negative connotation which in most cases result in the society stigmatizing people committing them. Notably, societies recognises deviant behavior as behavior that are in contrast to acceptable behaviors guided by their norms, standards and laws formulated to keep order in the society. In these circumstances, some people may be viewed as deviant while others engaged in the same behavior may not. Deviant behaviour can be good, odd and bad.
As Zimbardo (2007) remarked, there’s a thin line between good and bad. Good people can turn evil, should they find themselves in situations that encourage evil behaviours. In a similar vein, what seems to serve social interactions and modern business-making can easily turn into malevolent and hostile, or better, used by malevolent and hostile people to hurt others. New digital media and information and communication technologies (ICTs) were developed to facilitate and ease human communication and interaction, but their use has been also followed by unwanted and socially undesirable phenomena, such as online aggression or cyberbullying.
1.2 Statement of Problems
Deviant behaviour amongst youth in Nigeria has become a serious problem not limited to a part of the country. These behaviours can be in different forms which include suicide, abortion, class boycotting, homosexuality, prostitution, and…..
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to examine ICTs contribution to deviant behavior among Senior Secondary School Students in Epe Local Government Area of Lagos State and analyze the strategies used to address the problem. The ultimate aim is to propose a programme to help curb the problem.
The specific objectives of the study are as follows. To:
(a) Critically x-ray the contribution of ICTs to towards deviant behaviours among students.
(b) Analyses the respondent’s perception of deviant behaviour among students.
(c) To examine the roles of individual, parents, government and religious body in cubbing deviant behaviour among students.
(d) Identify and evaluate strategies used in secondary schools to address deviant behaviour, their effectiveness and shortcomings.
(e) Proffer solution to the pandemic problem of deviant behaviour among students.
1.4 Research Questions
The study attempt to answer the following questions:
- What is the profile of the respondents in the study?
- What are the various ways in which ICTs contribute to deviant behaviour among the senior secondary school students?
- What does the respondents perceived to be the contribution of ICTs towards deviant behaviour among students?
- What are the roles of individual, parents, government and religious body in cubbing deviant behaviour
- What are the preferred solutions to deviant behaviour among students?
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