EFFECT OF COMPUTERISATION OF LIBRARY ON STUDENTS ACADEMY PERFORMANCE
This study examined the effect of computerization of library on student’s academic performance in Ekiti State University, in affiliation with Michael Otedola College of Primary Education (MOCPED) Noforia Epe, Lagos State. Four hypotheses were generated to guide this study. The population for study was made up of all Ekiti State University Students affiliated with Michael Otedola College of Primary Education, Noforija-Epe during the 2011/2012 academic session. A total number of two hundred (200) respondents constitute the sample for this study. A self designed questionnaire was used for data collection, the data generated with these instruments were analysed using frequency count, simple percentage and t-test statistical analysis to answer the three research hypotheses generated for the purpose of this study. The findings from the study revealed that;
- there is no significant relationship between the academic performance (CGPA) of students who study in computerized library and those who use the traditional library.
- there is no significant relationship between academic performance (CGPA) of male and female students who study in computerized library.
- there is no significant relationship between the perception of students that study in computerized library and those who use the traditional library.
- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Library is a fast growing organization, the ancient methods of maintaining it are no longer dynamic and efficient for expeditions, retrieval and dissemination of information and better service for the students; application of modern techniques has become absolutely indispensable. A properly computerized library will help its students with quick and prompt services. A digital library is an automated or electronic
library where activities like accessing; with the help of a computer does resource sharing and storing. The word digital is concerned with the understanding of the design and development of electronic circuits. It includes system like word processing, micrographic, reprographic, video based information systems, message transmission such as fax, voice mail, e-mail and internet, (Encyclopedia, 2013).The internet is a global network of computers linked together over large distances (Brown, 2008). It was created by the American Military as a means of communication and has been in existence since the 1950s, until mid late eighties (80’s) when commercial organizations and educational institutions mainly used the internet . This was due to high costs. The rapid development of technology has seen improvement in communication links and a lowering of costs. The implication of this is that the internet is now more widely available to more people. Since the internet is now available to a wide sector of the population in the western world many educational establishments have seized on its educational potential. The internet is a valuable source of information for students looking for ideas for projects and assignments.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The automated library perpetuates some of the problems of the paper library noted previously.
Because the collections of documents are still on paper, a localized medium, the need for local collections, the space needed for paper documents, the inflexibility of paper documents, the separation of documents from the users, opening hours for the collections (though no longer for the catalog), and competition for use of copies of documents all remain as much a problem in both libraries: the automated library and the paper library. The catalog may be used in a number of places . In particular, with remote access to the on-line catalog, the user is no longer separated from the catalog and the separation of catalog and documents is somewhat diminished since, online, a catalog can at long last be used in the book-stacks. The automated library represents a significant improvement but for only some of the problems and, aside for the online catalog, benefits directly those who are providing the service rather than those who are using the service.
- RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research questions would be addressed in the course of this study.
- Will there be any significant relationship between the academic performance of students who study in computerized library and those who use the traditional library for studying?
- Will there be any significant relationship between academic performance of male and female students who study in computerized library?
iii. Will there be any significant relationship between the perception of students that study in computerized library and those who use the traditional library for studying? Will there be any significant difference between perception of male and female students who study in computerized library?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
From the research question raised, the following hypotheses will be tested at 0.05 level of significance.
Ho1: There is no significant relationship between the academic performance of students who study in computerized library and those who use the traditional library.
Ho2: There is no significant relationship between academic performance of male and female students who study in computerized library.
Ho3: There is no significant relationship between the perception of students that study in computerized library and those who use the traditional library. Ho4: There is no significant difference between perception of male and female students who study in computerized library.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
The study reviews related and relevant literature from earlier studies in order to give a sound support to the present study. The organization of this chapter is as follows;
2.1 Meaning of Library Education
2.2 Library and Information Services
2.3 Use of Digital Libraries
2.4 Information and Computer Applications
2.5 Use of Automated Library Services in Tertiary Institutions
2.6 Cost and Other Obstacles to On-Campus Internet Instruction
2.7 Financial Profile
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN
The research design used for this study is the descriptive survey. Thus, it is determined towards achieving the current result in this sector of study.
The population of this study comprises of all the Students of Ekiti State University in Affiliation with the Michael Otedola College of Primary Education Noforija-Epe during 2011/2012 academic session.
3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques
Two hundred Male and female students were randomly selected from Ekiti State University EKSU domicile in Michael Otedola College of Primary
Education Noforija- Epe. One hundred and two students that uses the computerized library and another ninety eight students that uses the traditional library.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Table 1: Profile of the respondents in the study
|CGPA||0.00 – 0.199||18||9.0|
|2.00 – 2.99||100||50.0|
|3.00 – 3.99||71||35.5|
|4.00 – 4.99||11||5.5|
From Table 1 above, ninety six (96) respondents representing 48.0% were male , while one hundred and four (104) respondents representing 52.0%
were female, six (6) respondents representing 3.0% claimed to be between the age of 15-20yrs, one hundred and fifty four (154) respondents representing 77.0% claimed to be between the age of 21-25yrs, forty (40) respondents representing 20.0% claimed to be between the age of 26-30yrs,
In view of the findings from this study, the following recommendations are made:
- The automated library facilities should be up and running at all times to meet the varied time students prefer to browse the Internet. This will reduce traffic
congestion, monopoly of computer systems connected to the internet and students jostling for access.
A central access point to or from the automated library should be dedicated for student use. This point should be well equipped to meet the student population. The management of the access point can be contracted out to a private entrepreneur or managed by a competent committee.
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