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THE TRENDS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SIX PUPILS IN MATHEMATICS FROM 2010 TILL DATE


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Problem

In Nigeria, education has now become a weapon through which one can rise to prominence (Germann, 2011). The awareness and demand for education has made this society to plan for accelerated rates of educational development as well as the expansion of education opportunities in recent years. The need for studying the relationship between pupils attitude towards mathematics and their performances is greater today than ever before in a study by Soyibo (2010) of the WASC results of 12 randomly selected schools in Lagos State, it was revealed that achievement was worst in Mathematics (54% failure) followed by Biology (51% failure). In the

May – June 2009 Chief Examiner’s report, it was stated that pupils performance in Mathematics was on a steady decline due to the candidates’ negative attitude to the subject. In view of the huge cry of people from different quarters in the society on the falling standard of education in the country and the urgent need to do something worthwhile about it. It appears as if little or no improvement is recorded at least, judging by the pupils’ performance in mathematics viz a viz other subjects in various examinations conducted in schools.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

The annual poor performance of students in mathematics calls for concerted efforts to improve its teaching in primary schools. A major problem identified in Mathematics at Senior Secondary Certificate Examination  (SSCE) level, as stated by Neale (2009), positive or negative attitude towards Mathematics appears to have slightly influence on how much mathematics is learned, remembered and used. Various studies have been conducted on attitude in computer Loyd and Gressard, 1984; science (Germann, 2008; Osborne, Simon, and Collins, 2013) and Mathematics (Adegboye, 2011; Neale, 2012; Osafehinti, 2008; Osibodu, 2012). However, the studies on attitude in Mathematics education were only conducted on attitude. Since research on attitude and performance in Mathematics in rare to come by, this study in therefore designed to identifying and analyzing attitude and performance of students in Mathematics.

  Most of the studies conducted in Computer, Science and Mathematics as cited above employed questionnaire to collect data from the students. However, the present employed student’s results and questionnaire techniques. The present is also unique for using promotion examinations result as compared with questionnaire employed in most previously conducted studies (Computer, Science and Mathematics). This study was therefore designed to correlate between students attitude and their performance in Mathematics in Epe Local Government Area of Lagos State.

1.4     Research Questions

The following research questions were address in the study:

  1. Is there any significant difference between the academic performance of primary six mathematics pupils in public and private schools from 2010 till date?
  2. Is there any significant difference between the academic performance of male and female mathematics pupils in private schools from 2010 till date?

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses

Ho1:  there is no significant difference between the academic performance of primary six mathematics pupils in public and private schools from 2010 till date

Ho2:  there is no any significant difference between the academic performance of male and female mathematics pupils in private schools from 2010 till date

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

The purpose of this chapter is to review related literature in other to help the researcher conceptualize the subject matter and to fully appraise work already done in the area of interest to the study. This chapter, therefore, focuses on the following sub-headings:

  1. Objectives and nature of Primary school mathematics curriculum
  2. Trends of Pupils academic performance in mathematics.

iii.      Attitude of Primary school Pupils towards learning mathematics

  1. Problems associated with poor academic performance in mathematics examinations.
  2. Empirical studies on correlation between attitudes towards mathematics and academic performance in mathematics
  3. Mathematics Teaching/Learning

vii.       Review of related literature

CHAPTER THREE

Research Methodology

This chapter discusses the techniques and procedures for gathering and analyzing the research data. The chapter has been sub-divided into: Research Design, Population of the study, Sample and Sampling Techniques, Research Instrument, Validation of Research Instrument, Reliability of the Instrument, Procedure for Data Collection and Data Analysis Techniques.

3.3     Sample and Sampling Techniques

The target population for this study were the primary six mathematics pupils in Some selected Primary schools in Epe Local Government Area of Lagos State. The samples were drawn from private and public primary schools. Four primary schools were selected. Fourty primary six pupils were selected from each primary school. In all a total of one hundred and sixty (160) primary six pupils were used for the study.

4.1     Hypotheses Testing

Ho1:  there is no significant difference between the academic performance of primary six mathematics pupils in public and private schools from 2010 till date

Table 1: Differences between Public and Private Schools Students Performance in Mathematics

School Type N Mean S.D Df t-cal t-table Decision
Public Schools 80 14.79 2.61 159 9.20 0.34 Rejected
Private Schools 80 11.46 2.78

Table 1 above shows a mean value of 14.79 and 11.46 for public and private schools respectively, and standard deviation of 2.61 for public and 2.78 for private at 0.05 level of significance. Since the calculated t-value (9.20) is higher than the table t-value (0.34), the null hypothesis is therefore rejected. The result obtained from this study revealed that there is a significant difference between the academic performance of primary six mathematics pupils in public and private schools from 2010 till date.

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

This chapter deals with the summary, conclusions, recommendations and suggestions for further research work.

5.1     Summary

This study investigated the correlation between the performances of public and private primary six mathematics students in Epe Local government Area of Lagos State. Four (2 public and 2 private) primary schools were selected, in all a total of one hundred and sixty pupils were used for this study. Two research hypotheses were raised for the purpose of this study, while the data collected were analysed using t-test statistic.  The results obtained from the study show that:

*        there is a significant difference between the academic performance of primary six mathematics pupils in public and private schools from 2010 till date

*        there is a significant difference between the academic performance of male and female mathematics pupils in private schools from 2010 till date

 

5.3     Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:

(i)      Government and primary school Head Masters and Mistresses should organize workshop for mathematics teachers. This will enable the teacher to know that their positive attitude to the teaching of mathematics will also improve students’ attitude to the subject.

(ii)     Government should provide adequate teaching aids, textbooks and other materials needed for the teaching of mathematics.

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