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THE PERCEIVED CAUSES OF INDISCRIMINATE DUMPING OF REFUSE AMONG THE RESIDENT OF KOSOFE LOCAL GOVERNMENT.


CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

Background to the Study

Waste can be described as refuse or garbage which can either be a pollutant or an agent of pollution in our environment. It is generally accepted that waste is a useless, unwanted discarded material or substance which is no longer required for its original use?

According to Ogunniyi (2008), waste is defined as materials such as spoilt food animal remains, refuse, scraps and shreds away from the home, school market and our environment. Ogunniyi, (2008), classified wastes in three categories Vis – a – Vis: liquid, gaseous and solid.

Solid wastes, known as “refuse” or garbage are the solid particles declared useless, unsafe, unwanted for human usage are detrimental to human life; (Ogunniyi, 2008). These may be in form of nylon, cotton, plastics and leaves, broken bottles and lots more (Adeniyi, 2010).

………………………………………..

Anyawu, (2010) emphasized that the production and content of solid wastes are determined by many factors such as socio economic, population, status of individuals group or family and the community at large. Umeh, (2011) observed that waste generation without proper management strategy can result into environmental collapse which endangers the survival of man and other living organisms. He further stressed that in order to avert this terrible occurrence people should cultivate the habit of proper waste disposal and make the environment a safer place to live in. He therefore suggested that in ensuring that wastes generated from our homes, offices, schools, factories etc  are proper disposed off, to ensure a healthy environment which guaranteed human health.

  • Statement of the problem

It has been observed that the residents of kosofe local government area use to dump their refuse and sewage into gutters and drainages whenever it rain or even when they observe that it is about to rain on the belief that the rain will carry these refuse away, despite all the efforts put up by government to ensure clean and diseases free environment during the monthly environmental sanitation exercise.

1.4     Research Questions

The following questions were raised for the purpose of investigation into the perceived causes of indiscriminate refuse disposal among resident of Kosofe Local Government area.

  1. Would lack of adequate knowledge of methods of disposing wastes be perceived as a cause of indiscriminate refuse disposal among resident of Kosofe Local Government?
  2. Would non provision of refuse bins be perceived as a cause of indiscriminate refuse disposal among resident of Kosofe Local Government?

1.5     Research Hypotheses

The following research hypotheses were tested to determine the perceived causes of indiscriminate refuse disposal among the residents of kosofe local government.

Ho1: Lack of inadequate knowledge of method of controlling and disposing wastes will not be significantly perceived as a cause of indiscriminate refuse disposal among residents of kosofe local government.

Ho2: Non provision of refuse vans and bins will not be significantly perceived as a cause of indiscriminate refuse disposal among resident of kosofe local government.

Ho3: …………………………………………………………..

Ho4:……………………………………………………..

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CHAPTER THREE

Research Methodology

3.0     Introduction

This chapter presented the method and procedures through which the research design, population sample and sampling procedure research instrument validity of instruments, reliability of instrument administration of the instruments, method of scoring and method of the data analysis research.

 

3.1     Research Design

The research design employed for this study was a descriptive survey research design which was designed to investigate the perceived causes of indiscriminate refuse disposal among resident of kosofe local government area of Lagos state. Nworgu (2008) stated that descriptive research design aims at collecting and describing in a systematic way, the characteristics, features and facts about study population. This method tries to observe the elements within a particular population with immense accuracy. Also, there is no manipulation of any variable hence, the variable for consideration were already on ground.

 

3.4     Research Instrument

The research instrument used for this study was a designed questionnaire prepared by the researcher which consisted of two sections (section A&B). Section ‘A’ asked for some person information about the respondent e.g. sex, marital status, address, qualification, place of work, occupation. Etc. while section ‘B’ contained items on the perceived causes of indiscriminate dumping of refuse by resident of 

CHAPTER FOUR

Presentation and Interpretation of Data Analysis

4.0     Introduction

This chapter focused on the presentation of result with emphasis on data analysis and summary of findings.

Four research questions were generated for the research work and each of these were interpreted in the following ways.

 

 

Table 1: Demographic Data of the Respondents

  Response Frequency Percentage (%)
 

 

Age

21-30years 86 28.7
31-40 years 145 48.3
41-50 years 54 18.0
51years and above 15 5.00
Sex Male 102 34.0
Female 198 66.0
Education Illiterates 75 25
Primary six certificates 33 11
SSCE/WASCE 84 28
Grade II 44 14.7
OND/NCE 31 10.3
HND, B.sc/B.A/B.Ed 24 8
Post Graduate 9 3
Religion Christianity 120 40
Islam 125 41.7
Traditional 55 18.3
Tribe Yoruba 156 52
Igbo 76 25.3
Hausa 42 14.0
Others 26 8.7

Table 1 above showed that 86 respondent representing 28.7% fell within the ages of 21-30years, 145 respondents representing 48.3% were within the ages of 31-40years while 54 respondents representing 18.0% were in age range of 41- 50years and 15 respondent representing 5.0% were above 51years of age. Also, 102 respondent representing 34.0% were males while 198 respondent representing………………………….

5.4     Recommendations

Following the findings in this study, these practical suggestions are hereby outlined for actions that need to be addressed by government at all levels, also researchers, industrialists, health workers, sanitary inspectors and other groups that have interest in the management of both side and liquid waste in the country.

Government should give attention to refuse management by budgeting enough fund and supply necessary equipment for solid and liquid waste management.

Government should embark on vigorous enlightenment campaign to educate the populace on dangers or hazards associated with indiscriminate dumping of refuse and acquaint them with the various techniques of waste management.

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