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THE LEVEL OF COMPUTER LITERACY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

It is well recognized that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has immense plausible potential for the structural growth of a country especially in the field of education where the new ICTs of internet and multimedia have been able to revolutionized. According to Zandvliet&Straker (2001), ICT use is increasing in nearly all facets of life in the developing world and its use is now progressing rapidly in many educational institutions. In order to equip students with professional knowledge and skills in line with the goals of higher education, it is quite important that faculty members at universities use ICT in their courses and ………..

The use of computers and electronic resources has dominated human activities especially …………………………………….

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………business and industry become increasingly ICT-reliant.Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has not only witnessed a wide range of application in virtually all human endeavours, but has also actually transformed the world into a global village in such a manner that its contribution to human development over the years cannot be overemphasized. ICT plays a central role in data collection, processing and dissemination such that its exclusion may give another meaning to the acronym ‘ICT’. Thus,

1.2       Statement of the Problem

All the great nation of the world, like United States, Britain, Germany and Japan, have developed in science and technology through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills and electronic resources. In order to keep pace with this world technological development, the Nigeria government launched the National Telecommunication Policy in September 2000 and the development of a comprehensive science and technology policy in 2001. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

1.4       Research Questions

  1. What is the profile of respondents in this study?

ii          What is the level of computer literacy among male and female the students of Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State?

iii.        Do male and female students of Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State differ in their level of computer literacy?

iv.

CHAPTER TWO

 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter reviews literature related to the study to give support from earlier studies. The organization of this chapter is as follows:

2.1       Introduction

2.2       Concept of Information and Communication Technology

2.3       The Role and Relevance of Information and Communication Technology Tools to Students and Teachers

2.4       Uses of ICT in Education

2.5       Factors Contributing To Using ICT in the Classroom

2.6       Teachers and Instructional Applications of ICT

2.7       ICT Skills and Competencies of Teachers and Students

2.8       Gender and ICT Competencies

2.9       Characteristics of students’ ICT skills

CHAPTER THREE

Research Methodology

3.1       Research Design

The research design adopted for this study is ex-post facto research design. This is used because the variables are already in existence and cannot be controlled by the researcher.

3.3       Sample and Sampling Technique

The subjects for the study were drawn from four public junior secondary schools in Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State. The stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting sixty junior secondary school two (JSS2) students from each school;In all, a total of 240 students were selected for use as sample.

3.8       Method of Data Analysis

The data collected were analyzed using frequency counts, simple percentage and T-test statistics.

CHAPTER FOUR

Results and Discussion

4.0       Introduction

The focus of this chapter is to carefully analyze, interpret and present the data with regards to the student’s level of computer literacy. The information gathered from the research questions previously stated in chapter one. The data used were obtained from primary source, which was generated from completed questionnaires administered in four public junior secondary schools selected in Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State.

 

4.1       Results

Research question one: What are the profile of the respondents?

Table 1: Profile of the respondents in the study

VARIABLES FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE (%)
Age 10-14 years 133 55.4
15-17 years 104 43.3
18-20 years 3 1.3
Gender Male 94 39.2
Female 146 60.8

From Table 1 above, one hundred and thirty three (133) respondents representing 55.4 one hundred and thirty three (133) respondents representing 55.4% claimed to be between the ages of 10-14 years of age, one hundred and four (104) respondents representing 43.3% claimed to be between the ages of 15-17 years and three (3) respondents representing 1.3% claimed to be

5.3       Recommendations 

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are presented. Recommended installation of computer facilities in the science laboratories of secondary schools.
The Nigerian government should install computer systems in the schools for both the teachers and the students use in the interest of enhancing students’ effective in the classroom.

  • Compulsory computer education for the secondary school students in Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State, Government should mandate that secondary school teachers and students to attend computer training. In service training opportunities should be given to the teachers in order to encourage teacher computer appreciation, effectiveness; and to enhance teacher job performance in secondary schools in the State.

Supply different types of computer systems to secondary school teachers and students.
The secondary school teachers andstudents should be provided individual computers, like desktop, laptop, pagers, and palmtop and supplied with interconnectivity, so that they are used during teaching and learning processes in the schools to enhance teacher job performance and student academic performance. The principals should be provided different types of computer accessories for the schools for teacher and student use. These accessories, such as modems, pagers, fax, CD-ROM, electronic media, and other

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