SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AS A DETERMINANT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN HEALTH EDUCATION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
In educational background of any student the families plays an important role in their academic success. Burtless (1996) stated that schools that have strong financial resources can positively affect the performance of students in those districts. Heyneman (2015), stated that for many years studies have been shown that students from a low socioeconomic background do not show effective performance in school. It is globally suggested that social status is the key factor in academic performance, but this is not necessarily true. There are many other factors, including but not limited to subject, student age, and gender. Heyneman concluded that the important solution is the integration of the social classes among schools. The argument should shift from closing the gap of social status of adults and focus on the integration of the social classes. However, Shever and Walls (2008), mentioned that there is much more to consider when discussing students academic performance than just their social background.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In secondary schools, student’s performance in Health education has been persistently poor. A few students perform well in Health Education while a good number of them perform poorly both in the written and the practical aspect. The reason for this disparity may not be unconnected with the parental socio economic background of the students.
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1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
The study was guided with the following research Hypotheses
- Students parental socio economic background will not significantly affect learning outcome in Health Education.
Understanding the correlation between socioeconomic status and academic performance is important in determining education strategies. Much research shows a correlation between different social aspects of students and how they academically perform. Educators need to determine what factors affect educational success and exploit ideas in determining ways to increase academic achievement.
Fransoo, Ward, Wilson, Brownell and Roos (2005), indicated that educators have known for years that students from high socioeconomic families academically perform better than those from low socioeconomic families. Although many students from high socioeconomic backgrounds do not perform well, and many from low socioeconomic background perform very well, the overall trend is evident. It is not the case that students from low
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN
This study was a descriptive research and therefore a descriptive survey research design was employed.
3.4 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
Two instruments were used for data collection. The first instrument was a self- designed questionnaire titled Student Parental Background Questionnaire (SPBQ); which was used to measure the respondent’s parental socio economic status, it was
made up of two sections, with section A, comprising of items designed to obtain their demographic data while section B comprise of fifteen (15) items on a 4-point likert scale of Strongly Agreed (SA), Agreed (A), Strongly Disagreed (SD) &Disagreed (D).
The second instrument was the Health Education Achievement Test (HEAT), this was designed by the researcher and endorsed by the supervisor. This instrument was Multiple Choice Objective tests in Health Education. Each of these items has four options each, from which the respondents were to select whichever they deem as the best option.
TABLE I: SEX DISTRIBUTION OF THE “RESPONDENTS”
From Table 1 above, (43) respondents representing 35.8% were males, while seventy seven (77) respondents representing 64.2% were females.
TABLE II: RESPONDENTS’ OCCUPATIONAL STATUS:
|FATHERS OCCUPATIONAL STATUS||FREQUENCY||PERCENTAGE %|
|Famer/ Trader/ Transporter||48||40.0%|
|Tailor/ Business man||38||31.7%|
Parents are in the position to put their children on the right course, especially at the early stage of development. These parental roles continue to have direct impact on children’s lifestyle, perhaps throughout life. Interest in schooling when stimulated and
sustained, can enhance student’s achievement in Health Education.
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