1.1 Background to the Study
Breastfeeding is the act of feeding the baby from the breast. According to Foster (2016), Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from female human breast i.e via lactation rather than from a baby bottle or other container. According to World Health Organization (WHO) Breastfeeding confers substantial health benefits on both mother and child. For the infant, breast milk is a unique nutritional source that can not adequately be replaced by any other food, including infant formula. Although pollutants can accumulate in breast milk, it remains superior to infant formula from the
perspective of the overall health of both mother and child. Infants are fragile and susceptible to disease, partly because their bodies are not fully developed.
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1.2 Statement of the Problem
In recent decades there was a substantial decline in the proportion of mothers who have breastfed their children. The decline occurred in most socioeconomic and cultural groups but was greater among poor women, black women, and women with fewer years of education than among other women.
1.4 Research Questions
- What is the profile of the respondents in this study?
- Will age, educational background & profession influence pattern of breastfeeding among mothers in Odogbolu Local Government Area of Ogun State?
This chapter makes an attempt to review related literatures to give solid support from earlier studies to this study. The organization of this chapter is as follows:
2.1 What is Exclusive Breastfeeding?
2.2 Benefits of Exclusive Breastfeeding for Infants and Mothers
2.3 Sources and Knowledge of Exclusive Breastfeeding Information
2.4 Professional Working Mothers and Exclusive Breastfeeding 2.5 Exclusive Breastfeeding Trends in the Developing World
3.1 Research Design
This study was a descriptive research and therefore a descriptive survey research design was employed.
3.4 Research Instrument
The instrument used for data collection was a self-designed questionnaire titled Breastfeeding Behaviour and Child Spacing Questionnaire (BBCSQ) which was used to measure the respondent’s perspectives on breastfeeding and child spacing.
it was made up of three sections, with section A, comprising of items designed to obtain respondents demographical data, section B and C comprises of ten (10) items each on statements of breastfeeding and child spacing respectively, sections B and C are on a 4-point likert scale of Strongly Agreed (SA), Agreed (A), Disagreed (D) &Strongly Disagreed (SD).
There is absolutely no reason why breastfeeding should be abandoned in Odogbolu Local government area of ogun state. Since the beginning of recorded history breastfeeding has assumed a pivotal role in the infant’s life. Through the mother’s milk the infant receives immunological agents and the simplest, least expensive nutrition that protect it during the first few months of life.
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