1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Since the early times, herbs, leaves and plants have been use to heal and control diseases. The use of drugs in itself does not constitute any danger, because drugs correctly administered have been a blessing. Falco (1988) as cited by Sambo (2012) viewed that “chronic use of substances can cause serious, sometimes irreversible damage to adolescent’s physical and psychological development. The use of drugs could be beneficial or harmful depending on the mode of use.
A drug refers to a substance that could bring about a change in the biological function through its chemical actions (Okoye, 2001). It is also considered as a substance that modifies perceptions, cognition, mood, behaviour and general body functions (Balogun, 2006). They could thus, be considered as chemical modifiers of the living tissues that could bring about physiological and behavioural changes (Nnachi, 2017).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Drug abuse amongst youth in Nigeria has become a serious problem affecting all the country. Addiction leads many people, young people prominent amongst them, into downward spiral of hopelessness that in some cases ends fatally. This abuse range from glue sniffing street children and teenage ecstasy users, to hardcore heroin and cocaine addicts (NACADA, 2012). Drug abuse is responsible for lost wages, destruction of property in schools, soaring health care costs and broken families.
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1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The study attempted to answer the following 6 questions:
- what is the profile of the respondents in the study?
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter makes an attempt to review related literatures to give solid support from earlier studies to this study. This section comprises of the following:
2.0 CONCEPT OF DRUG ABUSE
2.1 CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE
2.2 HOME ENVIRONMENT AND DRUG ABUSE
2.3 SCHOOLN ENVIRONMENT AND DRUG ABUSE
2.4 PRESSURE TO PERFORM
2.5 THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF DRUGS ABUSED BY LEARNERS
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN
This study was a descriptive research and therefore a descriptive survey research design was employed.
3.4 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
The instrument to be used for data collection will be a self-designed questionnaire to be titled Students’ Perception on Drug Abuse Questionnaire (SPDAQ); which will be use to measure the respondent’s perspectives on usage of drugs. it will made up of four sections, with section A, comprising of items designed to obtain respondents status, section B,C and D comprises of ten (10) items each on statements of causes of drug abuse, effect of drug abuse and solution to drug abuse respectively, sections B,C and D are on a 4-point likert scale of Strongly Agreed (SA), Agreed (A), Strongly Disagreed (SD) & Disagreed (D).
STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION ON DRUG ABUSE QUESTIONNAIRE (SPDAQ)
Please you are kindly requested to provide the researcher with accurate information. Your responses will be treated as confidential.
Sex: Male ( ) Female ( )
Class: SSS 1 ( ) SSS 2 ( ) SSS 3 ( )
CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE
|1.||Peer group influence could lead one to drug abuse|
|2.||Accessibility to drug could lead to drug abuse|
|3.||Radio and Television advertisement may lead to drug abuse|
EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE
|1.||Drug abuse can mask emotional problem such as anxiety such as brain damage|
|2||Drug abuse at any age can cause serious health effect|
PREVENTION/SOLUTION ON DRUG ABUSE
|1||Adequate education on the side effects of drug abuse should be emphasized|
|2.||Students should work hard to read their books because the use of drug is not veritable ingredient to success|
|3.||Dispensing only drugs prescribed by the physician|
|4.||Efforts should be made to follow up ex-drug users who needs help to prevent them from becoming involved again after they must have received treatment.|
|5.||Providing relevant knowledge and information on the effects of drug abuse will help in reducing the number of drug users|
|6.||Addressing issues such as peer influence; normative belief; brain development will also help.|
|7.||Developing life skills and/ or protective factors and risk factors|
|8..||Considering influences such as the media|
|9.||Building personal and social confidence and competence of young people to wake up and make appropriate and healthy choices and decisions.|
|10.||The use of mass media to discuss issues on effects of drug abuse will be of help.|
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